This 2006 book examines the development of four key movements that mediated the construction of the carceral state in important ways: the victims' movement, the women's movement, the prisoners' rights movement, and opponents of the death penalty. This book argues that punitive penal policies were forged by particular social movements and interest groups within the constraints of larger institutional structures and historical developments that distinguish the United States from other Western countries.
In this book, Marie Gottschalk examines why the carceral state remains so tenacious in the United States. She analyzes the shortcomings of the two dominant penal reform strategies--one focused on addressing racial disparities, the other on seeking bipartisan, race-neutral solutions centered on reentry, justice reinvestment, and reducing recidivism.
Prologue. America as living laboratory of the neoliberal future -- 1. Social insecurity and the punitive upsurge -- 2. The criminalization of poverty in the post-civil rights era -- 3. Welfare "reform" as poor discipline and statecraft -- 4. The great confinement of the fin de siecle -- 5. The coming of Carceral "big government" -- 6. The prison as surrogate ghetto : encaging black subproletarians -- 7. Moralism and punitive panopticism : hunting down sex offenders -- 8. The scholarly myths of the new law-and-order reason -- 9. Carceral aberration comes to France -- Theoretical coda : a sketch of the neoliberal state.
Penal Systems: A Comparative Approach is a comprehensive and original introduction to the comparative study of punishment. Analyzing twelve countries, authors Michael Cavadino and James Dignan offer an integrated and theoretically rigorous approach to comparative penology. They draw upon material provided by a team of eminent penologists to produce an important and highly readable contribution to scholarship in this area.
The Palgrave Handbook of Prison Ethnography
by Deborah H. Drake (Editor); Rod Earle (Editor); Jennifer Sloan (Editor)
Publication Date: 2015-06-17
The Handbook offers urgent insights relevant to current trends in the growth of imprisonment world-wide. In an era of mass incarceration, human-centric ethnography provides an important counter to quantitative analysis and the 'official' audit culture on which prisons are frequently judged. The Handbook is divided into four parts. Part I (About Prison Ethnography) assesses methodological, theoretical and pragmatic issues related to the use of ethnographic and qualitative inquiry in understanding complex social and political problems. Part II (Through Prison Ethnography) considers the significance of ethnographic insights for disciplines and for wide social or political concerns. Part III (Of Prison Ethnography) analyses the different aspects of the roles of ethnographers, and how they negotiate their research settings. Part IV (For Prison Ethnography) comprises contributions that convincingly argue for the great value of prison ethnography beyond the prison itself.
David Garland charts the changes in crime and criminal justice in America and Britain over the past twenty-five years, showing how they have been shaped by two underlying social forces: the distinctive social organization of late modernity and the neoconservative politics that came to dominate the United States and the United Kingdom in the 1980s.
The SAGE Handbook of Punishment and Society draws together this disparate and expansive field of punishment and society into one compelling new volume. It is a comprehensive and definitive resource that illuminates some of the key themes in this complex area - from historical and prospective issues to penal trends and related contributions through theory, literature and philosophy. It addresses issues such as: capital punishment, the civilizing process, gender, diversity, inequality, power, human rights and neoliberalism.