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Filmography - Indigenous Peoples of the Americas: South America

Titles available on DVD and streaming video as of March 2011

Filmography - Indigenous Peoples of the Americas - South America

Titles available on DVD and streaming video as of March 2011. 

Most streaming videos listed are available exclusively to AU students, staff and faculty after an online authentications by AUID#.

Filmographies are created by doing multiple keyword searches in the ALADIN catalog to capture as many titles on a topic as possible. To find titles acquired after this filmography was last updated, use keyword searching in the library catalog (


The Ache Indians of Paraguay 2008. 1 streaming video file (49 min.). Inhabiting a shrinking pocket of rainforest in Paraguay's Eastern Canindeyu Region, the Ache are one of South America's last hunter-gatherer societies-and in imminent danger of cultural extinction. This program presents an intimate portrait of the Ache in their natural habitat, focusing on the Gatu tribal group. Sequences filmed during extensive stays with the tribe reveal their customs and technology, including hunting tools and methods, camp preparations, forays into agriculture and commerce, and a spiritual connection with jungle wildlife. Interviews with anthropologists and political advocates help illuminate the tribe's struggle against rapid development and roving campesinos. (49 minutes). E-resource only

Amazon journal 1995. 1 videodisc (58 min.). This documentary chronicles recent political events in the Brazilian Amazon. Beginning with the assasination of Chico Mendes in 1988 and ending with the massacre of Yanomami Indians in 1993, this five year journey provides an illuminating perspective on the volatile changes of this era. Besides documenting events, O'Connor analyzes the complex interaction between semi-isolated indigenous societies and "outsiders." This new release from a veteran observer of the Amazon scene sheds new light on cultural confrontation. DVD 6305

Apu condor: the condor god Ethnographic video online. 2004. 1 streaming video (28 min.). Presents the Yawar fiesta of the apu condor from Cotabambas, Peru, celebrated on Peru's national day of independence, including a local version of the bullfight. E-resource only;764095

Arrow game Ethnographic video online. 1990? 1 streaming video (7 min.). "A film about the Yanomamo Indians near the headwaters of the Orinoco River in Southern Venezuela, 1971" -- screen. A large group of Yanomamo Indian boys engage in an arrow fight in their village clearing. As they shoot blunt arrows, they learn to dodge and to aim. E-resource only;764098


Asking Ayahai: an Ayoreo story Ethnographic video online. 2004. 1 streaming video (41 min.). "The personal journey of Ayahai, an 80-year-old Ayoreo elder, whose life spans the period of dramatic transition for the Ayoreo of South America's Gran Chaco as they moved from nomadic hunter/gatherers to wage laborers. Ayahai's testimony of the critical contact moment with Westerners is juxtaposed with the memories of Dr. Charles Ramsey, another octagenarian who was one of the first missionaries to reach Ayahai's group in the 1950s.". E-resource only;764100

Ausangate Ethnographic video online. 2006. 1 streaming video (61 min.). "This film documents the lives of Quechua people who live around Ausangate, a sacred peak in southeastern Peru. It is based on anthropological research conducted over twenty years and reveals how the weavers make textiles encoded with symbolic images that reinforce ancestral beliefs during rituals and in everyday life"—Container. E-resource only;764114

The ax fight Ethnographic video online. 1975. 1 streaming video (32 min.). A four-part analysis of a fight in a Yanomamo Indian village between local descent groups. Includes an unedited record of the event; a slow-motion replay of the fight; a discussion of the kinship structure of the fight; and an edited version. E-resource only;763889

The ax fight. 2004. 1 videodisc (30 min.). A four-part analysis of a fight in a Yanomamo Indian village between local descent groups. Includes an unedited record of the event; a slow-motion replay of the fight; a discussion of the kinship structure of the fight; and an edited version. DVD 2579

Beyond the gates of splendor 2005. 1 videodisc (96 min.). 'Beyond the Gates' is a feature-length documentary film experience about the Waodani Indians and the missionary men and women who have given their lives to reach them. An inspiring story of forgiveness and love. DVD 1556

Bride service Yanomamo series: Ethnographic video online. 1995? 1 streaming video (8 min.). A vignette that illustrates the obligations and social interactions among Yanomamo in-laws. E-resource only;764134

Children of the land: Filhos da terra . Video in the villages series: Indians in Brazil: Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video (18 min.). How do indigenous people relate to the territory of their ancestors? The sustainable use of natural resources is a millennial concept of Indigenous people. Currently, by jumping on the market bandwagon, many Indian nations have developed sustainable development experiences of non- predatory exploitation of forest resources, which were inspired by their ancestors' philosophy. E-resource only;764148

Children's magical death: a film about the Yanomamo Indians near the headwaters of the Orinoco River in southern Venezuela, 1971. Yanomamo series: Ethnographic video online. 1974. 1 streaming video  (8 min.). A group of young Yanomamo Indian boys in Venezuela imitate a ritual performed by their fathers. They pretend to be shamans, blowing ashes into each other's noses and chanting to the spirits. E-resource only;764150

Climbing the Rasha palm: collecting Rasha fruit Ethnographic video online. 1974. 1 streaming video (9 min). Yanomamo Indians collect fruit from the cultivated peach palm tree. They climb the spiny trunk using an ingeneous climbing frame they have invented for the purpose, and lower the bunches of fruit on long vines. E-resource only;764154

Crude 2009. 1 videodisc (104 min.). "[T]ells the epic story of one of the largest and most controversial legal cases on the planet: the infamous $27 billion 'Amazon Chernobyl' lawsuit pitting 30,000 rainforest dwellers in Ecuador against the U.S. oil giant Chevron." -- Container. DVD 7080

Daritidzé, trainee healer Video in the villages series: Ethnographic video online . 2006. 1 streaming video (35 min.). The Xavante people of Aldeia Nova ask Xavante videomaker Divino Tserewahú to film their Wai'á ceremony, after watching his film Wai'á rini, the Power of the Dream. Elders in Aldeia Nova want to preserve this tough but rewarding ritual. Out in the hot sun all day, for three weeks the young men of the community undergo strengthening physical suffering in order to develop their curative powers. The trial culminates with the men's fainting and being revived by their families; after their initiation the trainees replace their elders as spiritual guardians. "To be a Wa'ia, you have to suffer like this," explains one man. Everyone in the village watches and takes part in the men's ceremony, proud of their sons and brothers. E-resource only;764166

The devil's miner 2005. 1 videodisc (82 min.). The story of 14 year-old Basilio Vargas and his 12 year-old brother Bernardino as they work in the sixteenth century Bolivian silver mines of Cerro Rico (Potosí). Cerro Rico miners believe that Satan, as represented by hundreds of statues constructed in the mines, determines whether they live or die there. DVD 2983

Ecuador: Divided over Oil 2004. 1 streaming video file (26 min.). This program contrasts indigenous, community-based culture with market economics driven by multinational corporations. The film assesses the growing conflict between Burlington Resources, an American oil company licensed to prospect in regions of Ecuador, and the self-sufficient Achuar people of that country, who believe the oil industry will destroy their environment and non-materialistic way of life. Underscoring the Ecuadorian government's tendency to accommodate U.S. interests, the video portrays a country divided by incompatible definitions of wealth and happiness. (Portions have English subtitles, 26 minutes). E-resource only

Ecuador: The Indigenous Woman. 1997. 1 streaming video file (57 min.). Isolated in jungles, or crowded into large cities, Latin American Indians constitute the most exploited sector of society. This program traces the harsh life of indigenous women from several tribes, including the Otavalan, Puruha, and Quechua of Ecuador, from pre-Columbian times to the present. Topics discussed include rape as an ongoing practice; labor exploitation; the effects of acculturation; and racial and sexual discrimination. Also available in Spanish. (57 minutes)English. E-resource only\


Expedition above the Clouds 1999. 1 streaming video file (53 min.). From the tangled jungle of river basins, Humboldt and Bonpland journeyed into the thin air of Ecuador, Peru, and Mexico, reaching a literal height with their ascent of Mt. Chimborazo. This program weaves location footage, reenactments, rare manuscripts, and readings from Humboldt's letters and journals to present the second half of a scientific odyssey. Humboldt's paradigm of botanical geographyis clearly seen as the precursor to today's concept of ecological systems. (53 minutes). E-resource only

Eyes Wide Open: Exploring Today's South America 2009. 1 streaming video file (152 min.). South America has tilted to the left, and its socialist governments are forging an economic alliance that places public power, not market dynamics, at the center. The plan? To exploit revenues from the continent's abundant natural resources to build a better future where all will benefit from that wealth-and, in the process, to become free from North American interference. To explore the sociopolitical changes and the vast lands upon which these dramas are being played out, this program travels to the Venezuela of Hugo Chavez, the Brazil of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, the Bolivia of Evo Morales, the Ecuador of Rafael Correa, the Paraguay of Fernando Lugo, and elsewhere on a continent that is emerging as the master of its own destiny. Narrated by Eduardo Galeano, author of Open Veins of Latin America. Some content may be objectionable. (Spanish and Portuguese with English subtitles, 1 hour 50 minutes). E-resource only


A father washes his children Ethnographic video online. 1974. 1 streaming video (ca. 15 min.). A shaman and headman in a Yanomama Indian village in Venezuela takes over the responsibilities of his sick wife and takes nine of his children to the river and washes them carefully and patiently. E-resource only;764050

The Feast. Ethnographic video online. 1970. 1 streaming video (30 min.). Examines the first stages of alliance formation between two mutually hostile Yanomanö Indian villages in southern Venezuela and northern Brazil. Describes in detail the preparations for a feast involving the inhabitants of the villages and presents scenes of chanting, dancing, and trading at the feast. E-resource only;763904

Firewood: Kaösarama collects wood Ethnographic video online. 1974. 1 streaming video (10 min.). Yanomam{uml}o women of Southern Venezuela spend several hours a day collecting firewood and maintaining the family fire. The irksomeness of chopping and carrying firewood is shown. The older son quietly babysits for his infant brother while the mother works. E-resource only;764199

First contacts. Video in the villages series: Indians in Brazil: Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video (19 min.). With the colonization of Brazil's Mid-West in the 1950s and the construction of the Transamazonica and other highways in the 1970s, whites began to make large-scale contact with Indians, with disastrous results. Epidemics decimated populations of groups such as the Cinta-Larga, with the deaths amounting in some cases to veritable genocide. Groups of Indians were separated from relatives, their land parceled out to settlers under the auspices a colonial mythology that advocated "progress" over the rights of indigenous people.   Archive footage shows the "pacification" of the Xavantes People, the Cinta Larga People in Rondônia, and the Parakanas in the south of Pará , and how this catastrophic contact decimated these populations. Even into the year 2000, a FUNAI crew works to find small, still-isolated groups that might be under threat from farmers and prospectors. In this video, the last survivor of an annihilated people refuses to make contact. E-resource only;763907

Free-for-all in Sararé Video in the villages series: Ethnographic video online . 2007. 1 streaming video (ca. 27 min.). Since the 1960's the Nambiquara Indians of Mato Grosso, Brazil, have been decimated and their lands degraded by lumber and gold-mining interests. This video presents the points of view of the Indians, prospectors, and government officials.  E-resource only;764214

From honey to ashes Ethnographic video online. 2008. 1 streaming video (47 min.). "In March 2004, one of the world's last voluntarily isolated groups of hunter-gatherers walked out of the forest in northern Paraguay, fleeing ranchers' bulldozers. They formed a new village with their more settled relatives, where they confronted the complexities of learning how to become "Ayoreo Indians" and more critically, how to survive in a rapidly changing world. This documentary provides an intimate portrait of a divided community four months after this historical event, and their efforts to chart a collective future in a context shaped by deforestation, NGO activity, anthropologists and evangelical Christianity"--Container. E-resource only;764219

From the other side of the sky Video in the villages series: Indians in Brazil: Ethnographic video online. 2006. 1 streaming video (18 min.). From the Other Side of the Sky explains the importance of religious ritual for Brazilian Indians and shows the diversity of religious practices among various groups. The Yanomami Indians, as one of their shamans explains, believe that Omami, the creator, holds up the sky. If no one practices religious rituals the sky will fall down. Guardian of humans and nature, Omami takes care of everyone, including whites, because as the shaman says, "do you think the government will?" Pankaruru people reach their creator via "the enchanted," spirits summoned by a ritual called "the toré" that involves dancing and elaborate costumes. Maxacali society practices "hawk religion," in which animals play a symbolic role. The video shows Maxicali people playing the Otter game, in which a man disguised as an otter spirit playfully snatches a child as the whole community watches and jokes. The creator "gave each tribe a religion. We have ours, and they have theirs," a Maxacali leader explains. E-resource only;764223

The girl's celebration: A festa da moça. Video in the Villages series. 2006. 1 videodisc (18 min.). This video is about the history of the Nambiquara people and their use of video as a tool in cultural preservation. In this documentary, the Nambiquara tape a dance performance and compare it to performances of the same dance by other clans. When they watch the tape, the Nambiquara realize that they look very occidental and feel that they are losing their identity. They decide to re-tape the same dance, wearing more traditional clothing. DVD 5232

Ika hands. Ethnographic video online. 2004. 1 streaming video (58 min.). Shows the daily life of a small group of Ika Indians who live in the highlands of Northern Columbia. E-resource only;764257

Imbe Gikegu: the scent of pequi fruit Ethnographic video online. 2006. 1 streaming video (36 min.). E-resource only;764260


In the ashes of the forest Decade of destruction : saga of the Amazon rainforest: Decade of destruction. 1990. 1 videodisc (55 min.). Part 1 of 2. "A Brazilian settler's two sons are murdered and another is kidnapped by Indians. While a government expedition searches for the child, the colonists' expansion continues to encroach on the Indians. Landless peasants are lured to the forest with promises of free land and big harvests. By the decade's end, the fate of the kidnapped boy is learned; an epidemic kills many of the Indians; the settler's farms have failed; and more than 15% of the rainforest has been destroyed."--Container.  – Also Part 2 VHS 1675 and DVD 3991

In the footsteps of Taytacha Ethnographic video online. 1985. 1 streaming video (30 min.). Follows a group of Quechua-speaking musicians and dancers as they leave their remote villages high in the Andes Mountains of Peru and join thousands of other highlanders on the annual religious pilgrimage to the sacred peaks of Qoyllur-Rit'i. Throughout the festival, villagers explain what the ritual means to them both personally and collectively. E-resource only;764264


Jaguar and the revenge of the twins, as told by Daramasiwä Yanomamo series: Ethnographic video online. 2006. 1 streaming video (22 min.). The myth of the Jaguar, a prominent figure throughout South American indian mythology, through the richness of Yanomamo storytelling. E-resource only;764278

Jungle secrets Video in the villages series: Ethnographic video online. 2006. 1 streaming video (ca. 38 min.). Waiapi stories of ancestors and forest monsters are acted by tribe members who intend the videos to be shown to other Indians to make them beware of threats from outside forces, such as white men, to their lives and traditions.  E-resource only;764289


Lost Road of the Inca Part 1 1999. 1 streaming video file (22 min.). Pt. 1 Karin Muller is an American on a quest to understand other cultures. This program follows her as she begins her journey of discovery along the route of the ancient Incan highway through South America. In Ecuador, she endures tear gas during a labor riot and witnesses backbreaking toil in a crude, antiquated gold mine. On the disputed border between Ecuador and Peru, she watches ordnance troops unearth and detonate a land mine, visits the lonely graves of fallen soldiers, and-in a life-affirming turn-finds welcome respite in drinking boiled yucca tea at a family farm. Muller provides engaging and eloquent voice-over commentary as her trek progresses. Part of the series Lost Road of the Inca. (22 minutes). E-resource only


Lost Road of the Inca, Part 2. 1999. 1 streaming video file (20 min.). From medicinal shamans to taxi drivers in rusty death traps, this program plunges further into the depth and breadth of life in South America-following American adventurer Karin Muller as she travels the ancient Incan highway. Muller joins Peruvian fishermen plying their trade in handmade reed boats; watches herds of vicuna penned and sheared of their precious wool; absorbs the spectacle of Machu Picchu and its sophisticated stonework; and encounters the spirit of Carnival and Catholic devotion in Bolivia. Then comes a euphoric motorcycle ride into Chile-until Muller reaches Santiago, reenters the world of billboards and fast food, and bids farewell to a landscape of countless cultural riches. Part of the series Lost Road of the Inca. (20 minutes). E-resource only

Magic and Catholicism Aymara of the Bolivian Andes: Faces of change series: Bolivia: Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video (34 min.). The people of the Bolivian highlands are shown practicing both their Christian faith and the religion of their ancestors. E-resource only;764317

Magical death Ethnographic video online. 1973. 1 streaming video (ca. 30 min.). Relates the religious activities of a political leader and shaman from a village in Venezuela to the political and social organization in a Yanomano Indian group. E-resource only;764318

A man and his wife make a hammock: Moäwä and Daeyama make a hammock. Yanomamo series: Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video (ca. 9 min.). In this film about the Yanomamo Indians who live near the headwaters of the Orinoco River in Southern Venezuela, a village headman weaves a cotton hammock while his wife and baby watch. E-resource only;764322

A Man called Bee: studying the Yanomamö Ethnographic video online. 2004. 1 streaming video (40 min.). Follows anthropologist Napoleon Chagnon as he collects anthropological field data among the Yanoama Indians of southern Venezuela.  Includes information about the Yanomamo, such as their system of kinship ties, their religious beliefs and ceremonies, and the growth and fissioning of their widely scattered villages. Chagnon's commentary touches on the problems of the fieldworker, and the ambiguities of the anthropologist's role and his relation to the subjects of his study. E-resource only;764062

Marangmotxíngmo miring: from the Ikpeng children to the world Video in the villages series: Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video (ca. 35 min.). Four Ikpeng children introduce their village by answering a video-letter sent from children of Cuba's Sierra Maestra. They show their families, their toys, their celebrations, and their way of life with grace and lightheartedness. Curious about children from other cultures, they hope that their video-letter will be answered. E-resource only;764221

Mending Ways: The Canela Indians of Brazil 1999. 1 streaming video file (50 min.). For the Canela, peace is more important than justice, and sharing-especially of sexual partners-means survival and prosperity. By putting the good of the tribe first, the Canela have retained their tribal identity for centuries, thanks both to the bonding that occurs through ritualized, extramarital, multiple-partner sex and to their ability to maintain communal harmony via their intricate family relationships. But can they survive the outside influences of sexual monogamy and materialism, which have finally infiltrated the tribe? This program, based on the research of Smithsonian Institution anthropologist Dr. William H. Crocker, documents the unique Canela way of life, focusing on their extraordinary bonding rituals and their conflict resolution skills they call mending ways.Contains nudity. A Co-production of the National Human Studies Film Center, Smithsonian Institution. (50 minutes). E-resource only

Mirrors of the heart Americas. 1993. 1 videodisc (57 min.). One of a series of programs focusing on contemporary Latin America. This segment analyzes shifting ethnic and racial definitions in the region, looking at Bolivia, a nation with a rich Indian tradition, and Hispaniola, an island divided between two nations - Haiti and the Dominican Republic - with different cultural heritages and attitudes towards their African roots. DVD 6784

Moonblood: a Yanomamo creation myth as told by Dedeheiwa Yanomamö series: Ethnographic video online. 1976. 1 streaming video (14 min.). A myth of the origin of man from the Yanomamo Indians near the headwaters of the Orinoco river in southern Venezuela. Recounts the creation story in which Moon is described as a villan who is shot with an arrow and whose blood covers the earth. The fierce tribes of people were formed where the blood was thick, other peoples were formed from the scattered droplets of blood. E-resource only;763696

Morayngava: the design of things Video in the villages series: Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video (ca. 16 min.). Documentary of the Shaman ceremony of the Asurini people of Brazil. E-resource only;763697

Moyngo, the dream of Maragareum. Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video (44 min.). The Ikpeng community decides to act out the myth of the origin of the tattooing ceremony, creating this blend of documentary and fiction. The mythical hero, Maragareum, dreams about the collective death of the villagers of his friend's Eptxum's village. As night falls, he hides in the hut, and observes the Moyngo ceremony from the spirits of the dead. E-resource only;763701


New Tribes Mission Yanomamo series: Ethnographic video online. 2005. 1 streaming video (12 min.). Dedicated members of the New Tribes Mission attempt to teach the children of Bisaasi-teri the Christian way of life. The missionaries describe their philosophy and methods for acculturating the Yanomamo to Western ways and Christianity. E-resource only;763717

Nguné Elü: the day the moon menstruated. Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video (28 min.). Produced during a Video in the Villages workshop in the Kuikuro village of Ipatse (Indigenous Park of Xingu, Brazil). When an eclipse takes place during the workshop, the villagers explain in their own words what happens during an eclipse, when moon menstruates, and about the celebrations and rituals that take place. The post-eclipse ceremonies include singing, dancing, vomiting, wrestling, and sacrificial rituals. E-resource only;763719

Ocamo is my town Yanomamo series: Ethnographic video online. 199. 1 streaming video (23 min.). Describes the work of one Roman Catholic priest who has attempted for 14 years to soften the impact of outside civilization on a Yanomama Indian village on the Ocamo River in Venezuela. E-resource only;763724

Pirinop: My first contact 2007. 1 videodisc (83 min.). Following their "first contact" in 1964, the Ikpeng people were relocated to the great Upper Xingu reserve, where their lives would no longer be threatened by settlers. A viewing of a filmed record of this signal event in their history evokes a stream of memories and provides a rare account of contact from the indigenous point of view. The consequences of contact and resettlement still impact the community, even as the Ikpeng gain more control over their future. DVD 4848

Potato planters. The Aymara of the Bolivian Andes: Faces of change series. Bolivia: Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video (17 min.). "An Aymara family plants potatoes, prepares and eats a meal, and discusses the religious and astronomical forces that control their destiny. The stark routine of this typical planting day contrasts with the complexity of their beliefs"--Videodisc container. E-resource only;763769

The rainy season Video in the villages series: Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video (38 min.). A documentary on daily life during the rainy season in an Ashaninka village in the Brazilian state of Acre, made by Ashaninka filmmakers. E-resource only;763939

Robatierra: Stolen land 2010. 1 videodisc (73 min.). "Caught between rebel guerrillas and the Colombian army, the indigenous Nasa people fight to reclaim the ancestral land that was stolen from them while also fending off new threats of violence encroaching on their community. In a country where the people have know little bur war, the Nasa leader Lucho Acosta knows that violence will only breed more of the same. He must fight for the rights of his people in a peaceful manner. Stolen Land is a sensitive and empathetic documentary that follows Acosta as he takes the Nasa's fight from the streets of their villages to the halls of government, giving us an intimate look inside this peaceful and caring traditional community. Facing nearly insurmountable odds, Acosta and his beliefs are tested to their core. The last time an agreement was reached, nearly 20 years ago, the result was a massacre. The stakes are high and the future of the Nasa hangs in the balance."--container. DVD 8092

The shaman's apprentice a tale of the Amazon rain forest. Reading rainbow. 2003. 1 videodisc (30 min.). In the book, Kamanya believes in the shaman's wisdom about the healing properties of plants found in the Amazon rain forest and hopes one day to be a healer for his people. LeVar Burton and Mark Plotkin then visit the Tirio people, and learn about traditional medicines, customs, and crafts. The real-life Kamanya then shows them his world in the Amazon. DVD 6015

Simon Bolivar, The Liberator (2000. 1 streaming video file (30 min.). The duration and scope of the 19th-century Latin American wars for independence dwarf all other conflicts in the New World up until that time. This program-enhanced by period paintings, engravings, maps, and documents from The John Carter Brown Library's Bromsen collection and other esteemed collections of Latin Americana-tells the remarkable life story of Simon Bolivar, founder of Bolivia and liberator of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, and Peru from Spanish colonial rule. Although his dream of Latin American unity was not realized in his lifetime, Bolivar's passion for independence lives on. (30 minutes). E-resource only

The spirit possession of Alejandro Mamani. The Aymara of the Bolivian Andes: Faces of change series. Bolivia: Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video (27 min.). In a Bolivian village, one of the village elders nears the end of his life. Believing himself possessed by evil spirits, he opens his heart to reveal his anguish. The film also depicts the actions and attitudes of his family and neighbors when the man draws up his will. His tragedy brings close every person's confrontation with old age, the unknown, and death. E-resource only;763858

State of fear. 2005. 1 videodisc (94 min.). The Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission's official report chronicles the atrocities of both sides during the twenty year war between Abimael Guzman's revolutionary "Shining path" Indian guerrilla movement and the establishment governments. The Commission presents an alternate lens through which citizens of Peru can evaluate the inequalities their Indian people sought to address and the inevitable ravages modern terrorism brings to everyone. DVD 1523

Tapir distribution Ethnographic video online. 1975? 1 streaming video (12 min.). A film about the Yanomamö Indians near the headwaters of the Orinoco river in Southern Venezuela, 1971. E-resource only;763874

Time Life's Lost civilizations. Lost civilizations. 2002. 1 videodisc (100 min.). Inca: Located in what is now Peru, from AD 1438 to AD 1533 the Inca Empire used both conquest and peaceful assimilation to consolidate their rule over the peoples eking out an existence in the vast Andes mountain ranges. The Inca were not alone-the Nazca and Moche also ruled empires, worshiping their ancestors and the Sun. In the end, the extensive Inca road and messenger systems, their medical, engineering, and architectural skills were no match for the swords, horses, and greed of the Spanish conquistadors. Maya: As Europe suffered through the Dark Ages, the culture of the Maya of Central America was reaching its apex. The classical Maya possessed a complicated writing system, mathematics for complex astrological calculations--still accurate today--and cities of stone set like jewels in the jungle. Life in the majestic temples, broad plazas, painted ball courts, and palaces revolved around the king--who was divine, infallible, and expected to pay for the success of his people with his blood. DVD 5833

Tug of war Yanomamo series: Ethnographic video online. 1990. 1 streaming video (9 min.). In this film about the Yanomamo Indians who live near the headwaters of the Orinoco River in Southern Venezuela, women and children of the village play a game of tug-of- war. E-resource only;763692

Viracocha. Aymara of the Bolivian Andes: Faces of change series: Bolivia: Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video (30 min.). The social and economic relationships of the native Indians and the mestizos is depicted by focusing on the Bolivian villages of Vitocota and Ayata. E-resource only;763999

Weeding the garden: Dedeheiwä weeds and rests in his garden Ethnographic video online. 1974. 1 streaming video (15 min.). Among the Yanomamö Indians of southern Venezuela, Dedeheiwä, a headman of Mishimishimabowei-teri weeds his extensive garden with his family. Filmed in 1971. E-resource only;764013

Yanomamö: a multidisciplinary study Yanomamo series: Ethnographic video online. 2004. 1 streaming video (45 min.). Describes the field techniques and findings of teams from such disciplines as human genetics, anthropology, epidemiology, dentistry, linguistics, and medicine as they conduct a biological-anthropological study of the Yanomamo Indians in the jungles of Venezuela and Brazil. Also includes a sketch of Yanomamo culture and society. E-resource only;764034

The Yanomamo myth of Naro as told by Dedeheiwa Ethnographic video online. 1975. 1streaming video (24 min.). The story of the origin of harmful magic stemming from jealousy among brothers. In a south Venezualan village, a renowned Shaman relates his view of the myth. E-resource only;763706

The Yanomamo myth of Naro, as told by Kaobawa The Yanomamo series: Ethnographic video online. 1975. 1 streaming video  (22 min.). The Story of Naro explains the origin of the spirits and the coloring of animals. Ugly Naro is jealous of his handsome brother, Yamonamariwa, who has two wives. Naro kills his brother by magic to obtain his wives, but is found out by a third brother. The ancesters, particularly Toucan and Sloth, hunt and kill Naro and are stained by his blood. They turn into birds and animals with red markings. Demonstrates storytelling techniques of the Yanomamo Indians of South America. E-resource only;763707

Yanomamo of the Orinoco Yanomamo series: Ethnographic video online. 2004. 1 streaming video (29 min.). This video utilizes film footage from the extensive series of Napoleon Chagnon and Timothy Asch. It was made in conjunction with seventh grade geography teachers in Wayland, Massachusetts schools, to show land use in a South American rain forest. It depicts many of the daily activities of the Yanomamo Indians such as slash-and-burn gardening, body decorating, gathering firewood, bathing in the river and preparing for a feast. E-resource only;764031

Yanomamo shorts Ethnographic video online. 2007. 1 streaming video file (61 min.). E-resource only;764033