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Filmography - International Organizations: North Atlantic Treaty Organization - World Trade Organization

Titles on DVD and streaming video as of May 2014

International Organizations

Titles available on DVD and streaming video as of May 2014

Most streaming videos listed are available exclusively to AU students, staff and faculty after an online authentications by AUID#.

This is a selective list of video holdings in the American University Library. Filmographies are created by doing multiple keyword searches in the ALADIN catalog to capture as many titles on a topic as possible.  All DVDs listed below are located in Media Services on the Lower Level of Bender Library. To search the library’s complete videos holdings on prison topics (including VHS tapes) search the library catalog at: http://www.american.edu/library/mediaservices/index.cf

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

The Big Picture: Why North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)? 2011.  1 streaming video file (30 min.). (United States. National Archives and Records Administration). This episode of the U.S. Army's The Big Picture television series, narrated by news analyst Edward R. Murrow, focuses on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or NATO, of which the United States is a founding member. This alliance was created in response to the two World Wars and the Korean War, which showed that when one free nation anywhere is threatened by aggression, the safety of all free nations is ultimately at stake. This video from the National Archives and Records Administration shows the United States in its strategic role as leader in the free world and its alliance with other nations dedicated to the preservation of peace and the welfare of mankind. Streaming video. 

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Organization of American States

A Hazy transparency: Peru's 2000 elections. (2006).  1 streaming video file (27 min.). As opposed to passively monitoring the electoral process, the Organization of American States responded actively to the lack of procedural transparency and the blatant corruption in Peru's 2000 elections, waging a campaign to keep voters informed of irregularities. This program provides a detailed account of the elections and shows how the OAS observation mission set a controversial precedent by contributing to quasi-dictator Fujimori's resignation. Eduardo Stein, the leader of the OAS mission, talks at length about the political situation at the time and how his team worked to maintain fairness at the polls. Streaming video.

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United Nations

The Battle of Durban II: Israel, Palestine, and the United Nations World Conference against Racism. (2010).  1 streaming video file (81 min.). The 2009 Durban Review Conference, or Durban II, was a follow-up to the UN Human Rights Council’s disastrous 2001 World Conference against Racism in Durban, South Africa, where Palestinian sympathizers denounced Israel as racist, and supporters of Israel charged the UN with “demonization” of Israel. But Durban II proved to be even more divisive than its predecessor, marked by a controversial speech by Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and boycotted by Israel and the U.S., among several other countries. This important program examines how the longstanding conflict between Israel and Palestine dramatically disrupted two successive UN conferences’ overshadowing discussions about human rights issues elsewhere—and the attempts to come to an official consensus amid protests and counter-protests. Streaming video. 

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Blue helmets: The Story of United Nations Peacekeeping. (1990).  1 DVD (90 min.). Presents a history of U.N. peacekeeping forces. On order. VHS 1393

Boutros Boutros-Ghali UN Secretary-General, 1992-1996. (2006).  1 streaming video file (28 min.). Despite Boutros Boutros-Ghali's diplomatic accomplishments, his tenure as United Nations Secretary-General was marked by a tragic period in African history and a difficult political transition for the world body. In this program, Boutros-Ghali sheds light on global events in which the UN participated-or perhaps should have been more involved. The Egyptian scholar conveys his opinion that peacekeeping missions overburdened UN resources during his mandate, that warnings about Rwanda's ethnic conflict were ineffective, and that American officials intended, through the brusque removal of Boutros-Ghali from power, to caution his successors. Contains graphic images of genocide victims. Streaming video.

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Diplomacy: The Responsibility to Protect. (2008).  1 videodisc (47 min. ). "Is the U.N. still relevant? This behind-the-scenes documentary follows the efforts of diplomats trying to pass a Security Council resolution authorizing the deployment of a peacekeeping force to Darfur. In 2005, the United Nations Security Council adopted a new doctrine to protect the world's populations from genocide, war crimes and ethnic cleansing. But implementing this doctrine -- specifically to the Darfur region in Sudan -- became far more complicated. In closed door meetings, sitting in on phone calls, and in the Security Council chamber, we see diplomats, alongside Kofi Annan, press for the passage of this mandate. And we also see the difficulties inherent in their mission. " AU CAMPUS USE DVD 6095

Ethnic Identity, Regional Conflict, and Peacekeeping Initiatives. (2005).  1 streaming video file (50 min.). This compelling documentary examines efforts to promote and safeguard peace in the 20th century, a century defined by its wars. Even today, more than a dozen wars are raging, many of them in Africa. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan discusses the history and the role of the United Nations, using the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea as an example. Other scholars explore the purpose of the state, what it requires to function, and what happens when it disintegrates. Additional issues such as world government are addressed as well. Streaming video.

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Javier Perez de Cuellar UN Secretary-General, 1982-1991. (2006).  1 streaming video file (27 min.). During his two terms as United Nations Secretary-General, Javier Perez de Cuellar encountered and made use of several opportunities for international conflict resolution. He helmed the organization through the aftermath of the Falklands War and promoted the Contadora Group as a force for Central American peace and stability. Under Perez de Cuellar, the UN was also engaged in the negotiation process for Namibian independence and many issues affecting Africa and the Mediterranean region. In this program, the Peruvian statesman contemplates his term as Secretary-General and its relationship to previous and subsequent global developments. Streaming video.

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Kofi Annan UN Secretary-General, 1997-2006. (2006).  1 streaming video file (27 min.). Professing the goal of "bringing the United Nations closer to the people," Secretary-General Kofi Annan ushered in a new era of UN involvement with international social and medical issues. This program features the Ghanaian-born diplomat's ideas about the role of the UN in today's world, with particular attention to the so-called Millennium Goals of ending poverty and inequality, increasing access to education, fighting AIDS, protecting the environment, and preventing humanitarian crises due to violent conflicts. Annan also poignantly shares his thoughts about the loss of Sergio Vieira de Mello and 22 others in the 2003 bombing of the UN's Baghdad headquarters. Streaming video.

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Kurt Waldheim UN Secretary-General, 1972-1981. (2006).  1 streaming video file (31 min.). Although dogged by scandal after his term as Secretary-General, Kurt Waldheim steered the United Nations through a precarious phase of global history-in which the Vietnam War and the space race were the most prominent of many international dramas. Waldheim's involvement in Turkish-Cypriot diplomacy and several attempts at conflict resolution in the Middle East and Central Asia are also notable, as well as his spearheading of numerous international conferences. This program presents an overview of the Waldheim mandate and records the Austrian leader's detailed reflections on his challenges and accomplishments as Secretary-General. Streaming video.

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U.N. Balance of Sovereignty and Suffering. (1991).  1videodisc (84 min.). Panelists discuss the growing role of the U.N. and other international agencies in relieving the plight of subject populations, minorities and refugees when governments ignore suffering and human rights. In the past the United Nations has been reluctant to intervene internally in the affairs of sovereign nations but this position is changing; a recent example is the intervention in Iraq when the government oppressed the Kurds. AU CAMPUS USE DVD 9603

UN Human Rights Conference Preview. (1993).  1 streaming video file (26 min.). The World Conference on Human Rights was held by the United Nations in Vienna, Austria, in 1993. With representatives of 171 nations, and some 7,000 participants overall, it was largest gathering ever on human rights. The conference did have an expansive view of human rights, with the normal political and economic rights being explicitly augmented by women's rights, indigenous peoples' rights, minority rights, and more. This episode looks at the problems, priorities, and players at the conference. UN Secretary-General Boutros-Boutros Ghali, discusses the limitations, universality, the current status, and the future of the United Nations. Also featured are reports on Cambodia's move toward democracy; a human rights advocate becomes president in Guatemala; and families of murder victims tour the U.S. to combat the death penalty. Streaming video.

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The UN: It's More Than You Think. (2006).  1 streaming video file (31 min.). This informative program provides an accurate profile of the United Nations-its organization, structure, and purpose. It covers the organization from its history and status as an international zone in New York City, to explanations of its role as mediator between developed and developing nations, which often find themselves politically divided. UN officials offer candid revelations about tensions in the UN Security Council, how the balance of power is maintained between negotiating nations, and the changes brought about by the end of the Cold War. The many ways that satellite agencies such as UNICEF impact today's global political environment are discussed. Streaming video.

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The UN Security Council: Keeping the Peace. (2005).  1 streaming video file (16 min.). A cornerstone of the United Nations, the Security Council takes on some of the organization's most difficult duties. This program highlights the Council's role in preventing conflicts, resolving disputes, and occasionally initiating military action against an aggressor. Beginning in the era of the original "P-5" membership-the U.S., the U.S.S.R., China, France, and Great Britain-the video explores the history of the Council, examining dramatic moments in the Korean conflict, the Cuban missile crisis, the prelude to the invasion of Iraq, and other cases in which members have struggled to balance their own interests with those of the world body. A United Nations Production. Streaming video.

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The United Nations and Human Rights. (1994 ).  1 streaming video file (26 min.). The UN Charter gives the Security Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. In fulfilling this responsibility, the Council can establish a UN peacekeeping operation. This episode examines the UN's human rights mandate in light of its peacekeeping operations in Bosnia, Somalia, and El Salvador. Kofi Annan, then Undersecretary-General of UN Peacekeeping Operations, is interviewed about these missions. Also featured are reports on Hungary's nationalist movement; on the black and Afro-Caribbean experience in the United Kingdom; and an interview with Anna Deavere Smith--writer, performer, social commentator, and star of her own one-woman show, Twilight: Los Angeles 1992. Part of the series Rights & Wrongs: Human Rights Television. Original broadcast title:: The United Nations and Human Rights, Show #205. (26 minutes). Streaming video.

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The United Nations is Terminally Paralyzed: Debate. (2009).  1 streaming video file (47 min.). As a peacekeeper, the UN has had dubious results. It did nothing for Darfur. Its 17,000 blue helmets have failed to stop the violence in North Kivu. And it never reached a resolution on whether to intervene in Myanmar. Is the United Nations terminally paralyzed-and does the democratic world need a new forum of its own? That is the two-part question in this Oxford Union-style debate as panelists make their case. Speakers for the motion call attention to repeated deadlocks in the Security Council as an obstacle to resolutions on humanitarian crises and extol the potential benefits of a league of democracies; those against emphasize that the UN is the only universally acknowledged seat of collective legitimacy and justice and express concern over the potentially ostracizing and polarizing effects of a "club of democracies" in a world with cross-cultural problems. Questions from the floor follow.

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The United Nations: Working for Us All. (2005).  1 streaming video file (15 min.). Nearly everyone on the planet knows of the United Nations, but far fewer understand the important functions it performs in our complicated world. Michael Douglas narrates this compelling introduction to the work of the organization. Outlining the UN's creation and history, and incorporating interviews with Secretary-General Kofi Annan and other prominent leaders, the program illustrates the UN's widespread efforts in peacekeeping, police training, land mine removal, election monitoring, disaster relief, and health initiatives to combat HIV/AIDS and other epidemics. The roles of UNICEF and other subgroups are also explored. Streaming video.

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Universal Newsreels: U.N. and Big 4 Adjourn (12/16/1946). (2010).  1 streaming video file (2 min.). This Universal newsreel focuses on the United Nations. The UN General Assembly approves the permanent site for its international headquarters: a six-block parcel in mid-town Manhattan, a gift of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Streaming video.

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The WPA Film Library: UN Women's Decade, ca. 1975. (2012).  1 streaming video file (2 min.). Opening Conference United Nations Decade for Women, held in Mexico City, 1975 & women commenting in 1985 about the UN "Women's Decade. Streaming video.

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The WPA Film Library: United Nations, ca. 1981. (2012).  1 streaming video file (4 min.). Historical footage montage of UN. Includes the founding conference in 1945 and various world leaders addressing the UN assembly. Streaming video.

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World Bank

Dead in the Water. (2006).  1 videodisc (52 min.). "One in four people on earth don't have access to clean drinking water. Many governments lack either the resources or the will to provide this essential commodity to their citizens. In recent years, a number of powerful companies have spotted this crisis and seen a business opportunity. And from the deserts of California to the streets of Soweto, and several thousand other cities and towns throughout the world, often with the involvement of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, they have attempted to privatize what many consider a public trust ... Investigates the results of these efforts at privatization in several key locations and chronicles what many see as the first in a wave of battles in the years to come". AU CAMPUS USE DVD 4457

Whose Agenda is it Anyway? (2005).  1 videodisc (23 min.). To fulfill the Millennium Development goals, many poor countries are now implementing Poverty Reduction Strategy Programs (PRSPs). But in Malawi, PRSPs are viewed by many as merely a new version of old World Bank policies, with decisions ultimately made in Washington, rather than by the country's own citizens. This report investigates the PRSP process and its effectiveness in Malawi with interviews with citizens in rural communities, government officials, civil society campaigners, World Bank economists and critics of World Bank policies. AU CAMPUS USE DVD 1693

The World Bank: Great Experiment. (2005).  1 streaming video file (50 min.). Its investment in global development programs tops. World Bank. Streaming video.

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World Health Organization

Another War: Disease and Political Strife . (1997).  1 streaming video file (52 min.). This program examines the role of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization in the study of a new virus, monkey pox, and the political strife over the spread of the disease which caused a civil war in South Africa. Initiatives established by the World Health Organization to deal with its potential reemergence are examined. (52 minutes). Streaming video.

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World Trade Organization

Global Exchange: Free Trade and Protectionism. (2006).  2006, 1 streaming video file (34 min.). Did protectionist tariffs initiate the Great Depression? Will free trade across international borders benefit all countries involved, or create winners and losers? Is there any middle ground in the globalization debate? This program surveys the history and politics of cross-border trade, identifying ways that nations have tried to strengthen, reduce, or prevent it. Outlining the concept known as pattern of trade, the video examines cases for and against free trade while studying comparative advantage, wage inequality, economies of scale, and the infant industry argument. The evolution of international trade policy is also examined, featuring prominent examples of pro- and anti-protectionist measures: the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act, GATT, NAFTA, the emergence of the World Trade Organization, and more... AU CAMPUS USE DVD 4412 and Streaming video.

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International Trade. (2005).  1 streaming video file (30 min.). The New Global Economics: A Real-World Guide: New global economics. Free trade is a vital source of economic growth, yet it is frequently endangered by the protectionist demands of special interest groups. Module one of this program uses the Hungarian clothing industry to illustrate the comparative advantages of international trade; module two goes inside the WTO, the only international body dealing with the rules of trade between nations; and module three seeks to understand strategic trade policy through the example of Airbus Industries. Streaming video.

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